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Navigational Risk Assessment

The risks associated with marine operations are assessed and a means of controlling them deployed. The aim of this process is to eliminate the risk, or, failing that, to reduce risks to as low as reasonably practicable. Formal risk assessments will be used to:

  • Identify hazards and analyse risks;
  • Assess those risks against an appropriate standard of acceptability;
  • Where appropriate, consider a cost-benefit assessment of risk-reducing measures.

Risk assessments will be undertaken by people who are competent, especially when deciding which techniques to use and when interpreting the results. Risks will be judged against objective criteria, without being influenced by the financial position of the authority, to ensure they are kept as low as reasonably practicable (ALARP). The greater the risk, the more likely it is that it is reasonable to go to the expense, trouble and invention to reduce it. There is a hierarchy of risk control principles: -

  1. Minimise risk – by suitable systems of working.
  2. Combat risks – by taking protective measures to prevent risk.
  3. Eliminate risks – by avoiding a hazardous procedure, or substituting a less dangerous one.

The process of assessment is continuous, so that both new hazards to navigation and marine operations, and changed risks are properly identified and addressed. The navigational risk assessments will be circulated and available to all port users and employees and will be available on the port website. The Harbour Master will review all navigational risk assessments: -

  • on an annual basis
  • post-incident/accident
  • post review of the relevant marine accident or health check trend report

New assessments will be compiled prior to or because of a new operation in the harbour.   An independent formal review will take place every 5 years by external consultants.

Risk assessment reviews are best conducted by utilising the Port User Group and other representatives who use the harbour regularly, including employee’s. A positive, analytical approach is needed to enhance marine safety within the port and harbour approaches, including considering past events and accidents, examining potential dangers and the means of avoiding them. Requesting the Port User Group to review and comment on the navigational risk Assessments is a standard agenda item for the 6 monthly meetings.

From September 2017, NPP commenced using the internationally respected Marico Marine web-based HAZMAN II maritime risk assessment tool for navigation and health & safety, incorporating:

  • Hazard identification
  • Risk scoring
  • Risk controls
  • Risk mitigation and risk reduction
  • Auditing
  • Exporting reports
  • Incident database
  • AIS swept path module

HAZMAN - Navigational Risk Assessment Summary 

This Navigation Risk Assessment complies with the Port Marine Safety Code and its associated Guide to Good Practice, and was conducted in accordance with the International Maritime Organisation’s Formal Safety Assessment methodology for risk assessments. It comprises the following four Stages:
• Stage 1: Data Gathering and Vessel Traffic Analysis;
• Stage 2: Hazard Identification;
• Stage 3: Risk Assessment; and
• Stage 4: Risk Controls.
This NRA identified 87 navigation-related hazards in Newhaven Port, all Risk Assesments are available to our stakeholders and can be provided upon request.
Contact between the Ferry and a fixed structure was assessed to be highest risk, with a risk score of 4.05. The second highest ranked risk was assessed to the grounding of the Ferry with a risk score of 3.95.
Both of these hazards have a score which lies towards the low end of the "As Low As Reasonably Praticable" (ALARP) region, nonetheless efforts will be made to reduce these risks further, based on the cost-effectiveness of implementing additional risk control measures. These two risks and associated risk control measures will be regularly reviewed as part of the Safety Management System. 

Newhaven Navigational Risk Assessment Hazard Log Titles

Category: Hazard Title         (ICW=In Collision With)
Anchor dragging: Bunker Barge
Anchor dragging: Commercial Vessel
Anchor dragging: Ferry
Anchor dragging: Fishing Vessel
Anchor dragging: Pilot Vessel
Anchor dragging: Recreational Vessel
Anchor dragging: Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
Breakout / Mooring Incident: Bunker Barge
Breakout / Mooring Incident: Commercial Vessel
Breakout / Mooring Incident: Ferry
Breakout / Mooring Incident: Fishing Vessel
Breakout / Mooring Incident: Pilot Vessel
Breakout / Mooring Incident: Recreational Vessel
Breakout / Mooring Incident: Tug and Tow
Breakout / Mooring Incident: Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
Collision: Bunker Barge ICW Commercial Vessel
Collision: Bunker Barge ICW Dredger Engaged in Dredging Operation
Collision: Bunker Barge ICW Ferry
Collision: Bunker Barge ICW Fishing Vessel
Collision: Bunker Barge ICW Recreation Vessel
Collision: Bunker Barge ICW Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
Collision: Commercial Vessel ICW Commercial Vessel
Collision: Commercial Vessel ICW Fishing Vessel
Collision: Commercial Vessel ICW Recreational Vessel
Collision: Commercial Vessel ICW Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
Collision: Ferry ICW Commercial Vessel
Collision: Ferry ICW Ferry
Collision: Ferry ICW Fishing Vessel
Collision: Ferry ICW Recreational Vessel
Collision: Ferry ICW Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
Collision: Fishing Vessel ICW Fishing Vessel
Collision: Fishing Vessel ICW Recreational Vessel
Collision: Recreational Vessel ICW Recreational Vessel
Collision: Tug and Tow ICW Ferry
Collision: Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat ICW Fishing Vessel
Collision: Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat ICW Recreational Vessel
Collision: Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat ICW Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
Contact Swing Bridge: Commercial Vessel
Contact Swing Bridge: Fishing Vessel
Contact Swing Bridge: Recreational Vessel
Contact Swing Bridge: Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
Contact Swing Bridge: Pilot Vessel
Contact: Bunker Barge
Contact: Commercial Vessel
Contact: Commercial Vessel Exceeding 112m LOA
Contact: Dredger engaged in Dredging Operation
Contact: Ferry
Contact: Fishing Vessel
Contact: Pilot Vessel
Contact: Recreational Vessel
Contact: Tug and Tow
Contact: Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
Diving: Diving Incident
Grounding: Commercial Vessel
Grounding: Commercial Vessel Exceeding 112m LOA
Grounding: Ferry
Grounding: Pilot Vessel
Grounding: Fishing Vessel
Grounding: Recreational Vessel
Grounding: Tug and Tow
Grounding: Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
Personal Injury: Personal Injury - Person in water endangered by other port users
Swamping: Commercial Vessel - EQ
Swamping: Fishing Vessel - NQ
Swamping: Fishing Vessel
Swamping: Recreational Vessel
Swamping: Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat

Newhaven Navigational Risk Assessment Ranked Hazards List

 Rank  Risk   Hazard Title
1 4.05   Contact - Ferry
2 3.95   Grounding - Ferry
3 3.38   Commercial Vessel ICW Recreational Vessel
4 3.38   Ferry ICW Recreational Vessel
5 3.21   Ferry ICW Commercial Vessel
6 2.98   Grounding - Commercial Vessel
7 2.98   Grounding - Commercial Vessel Exceed 112m LOA
8 2.93   Contact - Commercial Vessel
9 2.93   Breakout / Mooring Incident - Bunker Barge
10 2.89   Ferry ICW Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
11 2.85   Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat ICW Fishing Vessel
12 2.83   Personal Injury - Person in water endangered by other port users
13 2.76   Commercial Vessel ICW Fishing Vessel
14 2.76   Ferry ICW Fishing Vessel
15 2.76   Fishing Vessel ICW Recreational Vessel
16 2.76   Bunker Barge ICW Ferry
17 2.76   Bunker Barge ICW Fishing Vessel
18 2.73   Grounding - Bunker Barge
19 2.7   Tug and Tow ICW Ferry
20 2.69   Commercial Vessel ICW Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
21 2.64   Breakout / Mooring Incident - Commercial Vessel
22 2.62   Bunker Barge ICW Commercial Vessel
23 2.62   Bunker Barge ICW Dredger engaged in Dredging Operation
24 2.56   Contact - Commercial Vessel Exceed 112m LOA
25 2.54   Bunker Barge ICW Recreational Vessel
26 2.53   Tug and Tow ICW Commercial Vessel
27 2.52   Ferry ICW Ferry
28 2.47   Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat ICW Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
29 2.45   Dredger engaged in Dredging Operation ICW Commercial Vessel
30 2.43   Diving Incident
31 2.4   Contact - Bunker Barge
32 2.38   Dredger engaged in Dredging Operation ICW Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
33 2.35   Commercial Vessel ICW Commercial Vessel
34 2.3   Fishing Vessel ICW Fishing Vessel
35 2.21   Breakout / Mooring Incident - Tug and Tow
36 2.16   Tug and Tow ICW Fishing Vessel
37 2.13   Tug and Tow ICW Dredger Engaged in Dredging Operation
38 2.12   Pilot Vessel ICW Recreational Vessel
39 2.12   Grounding - Tug and Tow
40 2.11   Contact - Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
41 2.07   Pilot Vessel ICW Bunker Barge
42 2.07   Tug and Tow ICW Bunker Barge
43 2.02   Contact - Tug and Tow
44 2.01   Dredger engaged in Dredging Operation ICW Ferry
45 1.95   Pilot Vessel ICW Commercial Vessel
46 1.95   Pilot Vessel ICW Ferry
47 1.95   Swamping - Commercial Vessel - EQ
48 1.9   Contact - Dredger engaged in Dredging Operation
49 1.83   Dredger engaged in Dredging Operation ICW Fishing Vessel
50 1.81   Anchor Dragging - Ferry
51 1.81   Recreational Vessel ICW Recreational Vessel
52 1.8   Anchor Dragging - Bunker Barge
53 1.8   Pilot Vessel ICW Dredger engaged in Dredging Operation
54 1.75   Pilot Vessel ICW Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
55 1.53   Breakout / Mooring Incident - Ferry
56 1.53   Swamping - Commercial Vessel - NQ
57 1.45   Pilot Vessel ICW Fishing Vessel
58 1.44   Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat ICW Recreational Vessel
59 1.43   Contact Swing Bridge - Commercial Vessel
60 1.39   Tug and Tow ICW Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
61 1.35   Anchor Dragging - Commercial Vessel
62 1.32   Grounding - Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
63 1.26   Tug and Tow ICW Pilot Vessel
64 1.21   Swamping - Fishing Vessel
65 1.21   Swamping - Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
66 1.18   Grounding - Dredger engaged in Dredging Operation
67 1.17   Tug and Tow ICW Recreational Vessel
68 1.08   Anchor Dragging - Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
69 1.06   Contact Swing Bridge - Recreational Vessel
70 0.91   Breakout / Mooring Incident - Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
71 0.91   Grounding - Recreational Vessel
72 0.91   Breakout / Mooring Incident - Fishing Vessel
73 0.81   Contact Swing Bridge - Windfarm Support Vessel / Workboat
74 0.81   Grounding - Fishing Vessel
75 0.81   Contact Swing Bridge - Fishing Vessel
76 0.81   Grounding - Pilot Vessel
77 0.76   Swamping - Recreational Vessel
78 0.76   Breakout / Mooring Incident - Recreational Vessel
79 0.69   Contact - Fishing Vessel
80 0.69   Contact - Recreational Vessel
81 0.65   Anchor Dragging - Fishing Vessel
82 0.65   Dredger engaged in Dredging Operation ICW Recreational Vessel
83 0.65   Contact Swing Bridge - Pilot Vessel
84 0.56   Anchor Dragging - Recreational Vessel
85 0.56   Anchor Dregging - Pilot Vessel
86 0.56   Contact - Pilot Vessel
87 0.47   Breakout / Mooring Incident - Pilot Vessel



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